NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope Hear an immersive new way to explore Webb Telescope images with sound

The world can now listen to some of the first full-color images taken by NASA James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). This is because NASA translated Webb’s images into sound.

Through this new and immersive way to explore the first full-color web images, listeners can step into the intricate audio landscape of the cosmic cliffs in the Carina Nebula, enjoy contrasting hues of two images depicting the Southern Ring Nebula, and identify individual data points in the giant extrasolar gas transition spectrum. WASP-96 b.

According to NASA, a team of scientists, musicians, and a member of the blind and visually impaired community worked together to adapt data from the world’s most powerful space telescope. The team received support from the Webb mission and NASA’s Universe of Learning.

In a statement released by NASA, Matt Russo, a musician and professor of physics at the University of Toronto, said the team’s goal is to make web images and data understandable through sound, and to help listeners create their own “mental images.”

Hear the cosmic slopes of the Carina Nebula

NASA released a near-infrared web image of the cosmic cliffs of the Carina Nebula in July of this year. Now, the image is set to “symphony of soundsUnique tones were assigned to the translucent and gauze regions of the Carina Nebula and dense regions of gas and dust.

According to NASA, the sonication system scans the cosmic slopes from left to right. People can listen to the vibrant soundtrack, which represents the details in the giant mountain range-like gas cavity.

Blue shapes and stormy drone-like sounds represent the gas and dust in the upper half of the image. The pink shades of orange and red that appear in the lower half of the image have a clearer and more melodic composition.

The brightest light in the cosmic slopes is represented by louder sounds. The vertical position of the light determines the frequency of the sound. For example, the bright light near the top of the Carina Nebula image appears high and high. Meanwhile, the bright light near the middle of the image is high and low pitch.

Low frequencies and clearer, undistorted tones represent the dull, dark areas of dust.

Listen to the Southern Ring Nebula

Webb captured the Southern Ring Planetary Nebula in two different light filters – near-infrared light and mid-infrared light. NASA has adapted both images to It seems.

Colors in images of the Southern Ring Nebula have been mapped to sound tones. This means that light frequencies have been converted directly into sound frequencies.

According to NASA, near-infrared light is represented by a higher range of frequencies at the beginning of the path. In the middle of the image, the wavelengths change. Therefore, lower tones were used to reflect the longer wavelengths or lower frequencies of light. Mid-infrared includes the longer wavelengths of light.

In the video of the Southern Ring Nebula audiogram, one can hear tones aligned with the centers of the near and mid-infrared images, at 15 seconds and 44 seconds.

In the centers of the near and mid-infrared images, the stars appear in the center of the “motion”. Webb’s infrared view brought the nebula’s second star into view, along with extraordinary structures created when stars form gas and dust around them. The photo captured the “ultimate performance” of a dying star in minute detail. The star in the center of the nebula sends rings of gas and dust thousands of years ago in all directions.

The path begins with near-infrared sonication. Only one star is clearly heard in the sonication of the near-infrared image. The star is heard louder.

In the second half of the track, which is the mid-infrared image, listeners can hear a lower tone just before a higher tone. The fact that a lower tone can be heard before the higher tone means that two stars were detected in mid-infrared light. The lower tone represents the star that created the Southern Planetary Ring Nebula. Meanwhile, the upper tone represents the star that appears brighter and larger.

Listen to The Exoplanet WASP-96 b

Webb photographed the distinctive signature of water, along with evidence of clouds and fog, in the atmosphere surrounding a hot, puffy gas giant, known as WASP-96 b. It is an exoplanet orbiting a distant star similar to the Sun. Webb has revealed in detail the steamy atmosphere of an exoplanet.

The WASP-96b has clear waterproof fingerprints. NASA has Translate individual data points From the transmission spectrum of water in the planet’s atmosphere to sound. From bottom to top, the y-axis shown in the image ranges from less to more blocked light. The x-axis represents the wavelength of light in microns. From left to right, the x axis ranges from 0.6 μm to 2.8 μm. The tones of each data point correspond to the frequencies of light that each point represents, according to NASA.

For example, longer wavelengths of light have lower frequencies and are heard as energy tones. Volume indicates the amount of light detected at each data point.

NASA represented the four signatures through the sound of falling water droplets. The sounds simplify the data, aligning only the highest points.

The main goal of converting web images to sonication is to support blind and visually impaired listeners. The audio clips are also meant to grab the attention of anyone who follows them.

Read also: Cosmic cliffs, dancing galaxies – what the first full-colour images of NASA Web tell us about the universe | explained